17 February 2017

#1222 Morocco

Morocco (Arabicالمغرب‎‎ al-Maghrib, lit. "The West"; Berberⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ Lmaɣrib), officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco (Arabicالمملكة المغربية‎‎ al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah, lit. "The Western Kingdom"; Berberⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ Tageldit n Lmaɣrib), is a sovereign country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert, and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.

About some facts written on the postcard:

Abd el-Krim (1882–83, Ajdir – February 6, 1963, Cairo) was a Riffian political and military leader. He and his brother Mhemmed led a large-scale revolt by a coalition of Berber-speaking Rif tribes against French and Spanish colonization of the Rif, an area of northern Morocco. The rebels established the short-lived Republic of the Rif. Abd el-Krim's guerrilla tactics influenced Ho Chi MinhMao Zedong, and Che Guevara.

Fatima Muhammad Al-Fihri Al-Quraysh (Arabicفاطمة الفهرية‎‎) founded the Qarawiyyin (French: al-Karaouine) mosque and madrasa in FesMorocco in 859 CE.

The madrasa she founded is still in operation today as the University of Qarawiyyin, the world's oldest university. The mosque is also still in operation, and is one of the largest in North Africa.

Nawal El Moutawakel (Amazigh: Nawal Lmutawakkil ; Arabicنوال المتوكل‎‎) (born on April 15, 1962 in Casablanca) is a former Moroccan hurdler, who won the inaugural women's 400 metres hurdles event at the 1984 Summer Olympics, thereby becoming the first female Muslim born on the continent of Africa to become an Olympic champion. She was also the first Moroccan and the first woman from a Muslim majority country to win an Olympic gold medal. In 2007, El Moutawakel was named the Minister of Sports in the upcoming cabinet of Morocco.

Mohammed Khair-Eddine (Arabicمحمد خيرالدين‎‎) was among the most famous Moroccan Berber literary figures of the 20th century.

Born in 1941 in the south Moroccan Berber town of Tafraout,as a young writer he joined the circle of writers known as the Amitiés littéraires et artistiques in Casablanca. In 1964 Khair-Eddir founded the "Poésie Toute" movement. In 1965 he was exiled to France where he spent years working in factories. In 1967 he started publishing again, writing for "Lettres nouvelles" and "Présence africaine". Mohammed Khair-Eddine returned to Morocco in 1979. Khair-Eddine died in Rabat November 18, 1995, the Independence Day of Morocco.

The University of al-Qarawiyyin, also written Al Quaraouiyine or Al-Karaouine (Arabicجامعة القرويين‎‎; Berberⵜⵉⵎⵣⴳⵉⴷⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵇⴰⵕⴰⵡⵉⵢⵢⵉⵏFrenchUniversité Al Quaraouiyine), is a university located in FezMorocco. It is the oldest existing, continually operating and the first degree awarding educational institution in the world according to UNESCO and Guinness World Records and is sometimes referred to as the oldest university. The Al Quaraouiyine mosque-religious school / college was founded by Fatima al-Fihri in 859 with an associated school, or madrasa, which subsequently became one of the leading spiritual and educational centers of the historic Muslim world. It was incorporated into Morocco's modern state university system in 1963.

Casablanca (Arabicالدار البيضاء‎‎, ad-Dār al-Bayḍā’BerberⴰⵏⴼⴰAnfa; local informal name: Kaẓa) is the largest city in Morocco, located in the central-western part of the country bordering the Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest city in the Maghreb, as well as one of the largest and most important cities in Africa, both economically and demographically.

Casablanca is Morocco's chief port and one of the largest financial centers on the continent. The 2012 census (adjusted with recent numbers) recorded a population of about 4 million in the prefecture of Casablanca. Casablanca is considered the economic and business center of Morocco, although the national political capital is Rabat.

Toubkal or Tubkal (Berber: ⵜⵓⴱⴽⴰⵍ, Tubkal, or ⵜⵓⴱⵇⴰⵍ, TubqalArabicتوبقال‎‎) is a mountain peak in southwestern Morocco, located in the Toubkal National Park. At 4,167 metres (13,671 ft), it is the highest peak in the Atlas Mountains and in North Africa. It is an ultra prominent peak located 63 km south of the city of Marrakesh, and is a popular destination for climbers.

Thank you !

Sent on: February 6, 2017
Received on: February 17, 2017

#1221 Morocco

The flag of Morocco (Arabicعلم المغرب‎‎; BerberAcenyal n Umerruk) is made of a red field with a black-bordered green pentagram representing the Seal of Solomon.

Red has considerable historic significance in Morocco, proclaiming the descent of the royal Alaouite family from the Islamic prophet Muhammad via Fatimah, the wife of Ali, the fourth Muslim Caliph. Red is also the color that was used by the sharifs of Mecca and the imams of Yemen. From the 17th century on, when Morocco was ruled by the Alaouite dynasty, the flags of the country were plain red. In 1915, during the reign of Mulay Yusef, the green interlaced pentangle was added to the national flag. While Morocco was under French and Spanish control, the red flag with the seal in the center remained in use, but only inland. Its use at sea was prohibited. When independence was restored in 1955, it once again became the national flag.

The red background on the Moroccan flag represents hardiness, bravery, strength and valour, while the green represents love, joy, and hope, it also represents the color of Islam, whereas the five-pointed star represents the seal of Solomon.

Thank you !

Sent on: February 6, 2017
Received on: February 17, 2017

#1220 Estonia - Russia - Singapore - Indonesia - China

Thank you all !

Sent on: October 12, 2016
Received on: February 13, 2017

10 February 2017

#1219 Romania

The national flag of Romania (Romaniandrapelul României) is a tricolor with vertical stripes, beginning from the flagpole: blue, yellow and red. It has a width-length ratio of 2:3.

The Constitution of Romania provides that "The flag of Romania is tricolor; the colors are arranged vertically in the following order from the flagpole: blue, yellow, red". The proportions, shades of color as well as the flag protocol were established by law in 1994 and extended in 2001.

The flag is coincidentally very similar to the civil flag of Andorra and the state flag of Chad. The similarity with Chad's flag, which differs only in having a darker shade of blue (indigo rather than cobalt), has caused international discussion. In 2004, Chad asked the United Nations to examine the issue, but then-president of Romania Ion Iliescu announced no change would occur to the flag. The flag of Moldova is related to the Romanian tricolor, except it has a 1:2 ratio, a lighter shade of blue, a slightly different tint of yellow, and the Moldovan coat of arms in the middle. The civil ensign of Belgium uses black rather than blue.

Thank you, Mihnea !

Sent on: February 6, 2017
Received on: February 10, 2017

#1218 Ukraine

Kiev (or Kyiv (UkrainianКиївRussianКиев) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population in July 2015 was 2,887,974 (though higher estimated numbers have been cited in the press), making Kiev the 7th most populous city in Europe.

Thank you, Olesya !

Sent on: February 4, 2017
Received on: February 10, 2017

#1217 Russia

Thank you !

Received on: February 9, 2017

06 February 2017

#1216 Canada

The National Flag of Canada, also known as the Maple Leaf and l'Unifolié (French for "the one-leafed"), is a flag consisting of a red field with a white square at its centre, in the middle of which is featured a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf (Acer saccharum). It is the first ever specified by law for use as the country's national flag.

In 1964, Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson formed a committee to resolve the issue, sparking a serious debate about a flag change to replace the Union Flag. Out of three choices, the maple leaf design by George Stanley, based on the flag of the Royal Military College of Canada, was selected. The flag made its first official appearance on February 15, 1965; the date is now celebrated annually as National Flag of Canada Day.

The Canadian Red Ensign had been unofficially used since the 1890s and was approved by a 1945 Order in Council for use "wherever place or occasion may make it desirable to fly a distinctive Canadian flag". Also, the Royal Union Flag remains an official flag in Canada. There is no law dictating how the national flag is to be treated. There are, however, conventions and protocols to guide how it is to be displayed and its place in the order of precedence of flags, which gives it primacy over the aforementioned and most other flags.

Thank you, Amy !

Received on: February 6, 2017