27 October 2016

#1178 Japan

The national flag of Japan is a white rectangular flag with a large red disc representing the sun in the center. This flag is officially called Nisshōki (日章旗, "sun-mark flag") in the Japanese language, but is more commonly known as Hinomaru (日の丸, "circle of the sun"). The flag embodies Japan's nickname as the Land of the Rising Sun.

The Nisshōki flag is designated as the national flag in the Law Regarding the National Flag and National Anthem, which was promulgated and became effective on August 13, 1999. Although no earlier legislation had specified a national flag, the sun-disc flag had already become the de facto national flag of Japan. Two proclamations issued in 1870 by the Daijō-kan, the governmental body of the early Meiji period, each had a provision for a design of the national flag. A sun-disc flag was adopted as the national flag for merchant ships under Proclamation No. 57 of Meiji 3 (issued on February 27, 1870), and as the national flag used by the Navy under Proclamation No. 651 of Meiji 3 (issued on October 27, 1870). Use of the Hinomaru was severely restricted during the early years of the Allied occupation of Japan after World War II; these restrictions were later relaxed.

Thank you, Sun Qian !

Sent on: October 18, 2016
Received on: October 27, 2016

26 October 2016

#1177 Indonesia

Lake Toba (IndonesianDanau Toba) is a large natural lake occupying the caldera of a supervolcano. The lake is about 100 kilometres long, 30 kilometres wide, and up to 505 metres (1,666 ft) deep. Located in the middle of the northern part of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, with a surface elevation of about 900 metres (2,953 ft), the lake stretches from 2.88°N 98.52°E to 2.35°N 99.1°E. It is the largest lake in Indonesia and also the largest volcanic lake in the world.

Lake Toba is the site of a massive supervolcanic eruption estimated at VEI 8 that occurred 69,000 to 77,000 years ago, representing a climate-changing event. It is the largest known explosive eruption on Earth in the last 25 million years. According to the Toba catastrophe theory, it had global consequences for human populations; it killed most humans living at that time and is believed to have created a population bottleneck in central east Africa and India, which affects the genetic make up of the human worldwide population to the present.

It has been accepted that the eruption of Toba led to a volcanic winter with a worldwide decrease in temperature between 3 to 5 °C (5.4 to 9.0 °F), and up to 15 °C (27 °F) in higher latitudes. Additional studies in Lake Malawi in East Africa show significant amounts of ash being deposited from the Toba eruptions, even at that great distance, but little indication of a significant climatic effect in East Africa.

Thank you, Fida !

Received on: October 21, 2016

18 October 2016

#1176 Estonia - China - Indonesia - Russia

Thank you all !

Sent from Estonia to China: July 25, 2016
Received from Russia: October 18, 2016

#1175 Bermuda

Horseshoe Bay is perhaps the most famous beach in Bermuda. It has been rated the #8 beach in the world by TripAdvisor. A very popular tourist spot, it lies on the main island's south (Atlantic Ocean) coast, in the parish of Southampton. The sand of the beach is very fine and displays a very white colour. The beach is equipped with one lifeguard station which is manned during the summer between 10 AM and 6 PM. There is also a café where one can purchase lunch during the summer months, toilet facilities, showers and a foot-washing area for removing sand before departing. A shuttle bus is available from 11 am to 6 pm to transport beach-goers between the beach and the nearest bus stop. It will take one down the hill for $1 and up for $2. The Government provides a special bus service for tourist at the top of the hill that leaves about every 15 minutes. This service is there from about 12 to 6 pm. If you miss the last special bus the regular buses come about every 45 minutes and run til about 10 pm.

Thank you, Carol !

Sent on: October 10, 2016
Received on: October 18, 2016

#1174 Belgium

Date of Issue: May 13, 2016 | Europa CEPT 2016 'Think Green'

Aitäh, Mk !

Sent on: October 13, 2016
Received on: October 17, 2016

#1173 Schaan, Liechtenstein

The flag of Liechtenstein (GermanFlagge Liechtensteins) consists of two horizontal blue and red bands charged with a gold crown at the canton. Adopted in 1921 after being officially enshrined into the nation's constitution, it has been the flag of the Principality of Liechtenstein since that year. The crown was added to the flag in 1937 after the country found out at the Summer Olympics held the previous year that their flag was identical to the flag of Haiti.

Thank you, Rosmarie !

Sent on: October 13, 2016
Received on: October 17, 2016

#1172 Germany

The flag of Germany is a tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal bands displaying the national colours of Germanyblackred, and gold. The flag was first adopted as the national flag of modern Germany in 1919, during the Weimar Republic.

The colours of the modern flag are associated with the republican democracy formed after World War I, and represent German unity and freedom. During the Weimar Republic, the black-red-gold colours were the colours of the democratic, centrist, and republican political parties, as seen in the name of Reichsbanner Schwarz-Rot-Gold, formed by members of the Social Democratic, the Centre, and the Democratic parties to defend the republic against extremists on the right and left.

Thank you, Olga !

Sent on: October 10, 2016
Received on: October 14, 2016