24 August 2015

#955 Bulgaria

For more info about Bulgaria, see received card #324.

About some facts written on the postcard:

Vasil Levski (BulgarianВасил Левски, originally spelled Василъ Лѣвскій), born Vasil Ivanov Kunchev (Васил Иванов Кунчев; 18 July 1837 - 18 February 1873), was a Bulgarian revolutionary and is a national hero of Bulgaria. Dubbed the Apostle of Freedom, Levski ideologised and strategised a revolutionary movement to liberate Bulgaria from Ottoman rule. Founding the Internal Revolutionary Organisation, Levski sought to foment a nationwide uprising through a network of secret regional committees.

Grigor Dimitrov (BulgarianГригор Димитров Димитров; born 16 May 1991) is a Bulgarian professional tennis player. His career-high ATP singles ranking is world No. 8, which he achieved in August 2014, shortly after reaching the semifinals of Wimbledon.

Valya Mladenova Balkanska (BulgarianВаля Младенова Балканска) (born 8 January 1942) is a Bulgarian folk music singer from the Rhodope Mountains known locally for her wide repertoire of Balkan folksong, but in the West mainly for singing the song "Izlel e Delyu Haydutin", part of the Voyager Golden Record selection of music included in the two Voyager spacecraft launched in 1977.

Hristo Stoichkov (BulgarianХристо Стоичков Стоичков; born 8 February 1966 in Plovdiv) is a retired Bulgarian footballer who is currently a football commentator for Univision Deportes. He is regarded as one of the best players of his generation and is widely considered the greatest Bulgarian footballer of all time. He was runner-up for the FIFA World Player of the Year award in 1992 and 1994, and received the Ballon d'Or in 1994. In 2004, Stoichkov was named by Pelé in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players.

gaida is a bagpipe from the Balkans and Southeast Europe. Southeastern European bagpipes known as gaida include: the Greek γκάϊντα, Albanian gajde, Croatian and Serbian gajde, Bulgarian and Macedonian гайда/гајда (gajda) and Slovak gajdy.

Bulgarian yogurt (Bulgarianкисело млякоkiselo mlyako) is a fermented milk product. Like all yogurt, Bulgarian yogurt is produced through the bacterial fermentation of milk, using a live culture of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. Fermentation ends when the yogurt has cooled. The longer the yogurt is allowed to stay warm, the more pronounced the sour flavor becomes.

Rose oil (rose ottoattar of rose, or attar of roses) is the essential oil extracted from the petals of various types of roseRose ottos are extracted through steam distillation, while rose absolutes are obtained through solvent extraction or supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, with the absolute being used more commonly in perfumery. Even with their high price and the advent of organic synthesis, rose oils are still perhaps the most widely used essential oil in perfumery.

Two major species of rose are cultivated for the production of rose oil:
*Rosa damascena, the damask rose, which is widely grown in Syria, Bulgaria, Turkey, Russia, Pakistan, India, Uzbekistan, Iran and China.
*Rosa centifolia, the cabbage rose, which is more commonly grown in Morocco, France and Egypt.

Bulgaria produces about 70% of all rose oil in the world. Other significant producers are Morocco, Iran and Turkey.

Musala (BulgarianМусала; from Arabic through Ottoman TurkishMusalla, "near God" or "place for prayer" is the highest peak in the entire Balkan Peninsula, standing at 2,925 m (9,596 ft). The summit of the Rila mountain range in southwestern Bulgaria, Musala is the highest peak between the Alps and the Caucasus and the highest in Eastern Europe bar the Caucasus. With a prominence of 2473 m, Musala is the 7th most prominent mountain peak in Europe.

Date of Issue: April 20, 2015 | Europa 2015 'Old Toys'

Thank you, Svetla !

Sent on: August 9, 2015
Received on: August 24, 2015

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