07 October 2015

#992 Pakistan

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 191 million people, it is the sixth most populous country and with an area covering 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi), it is the 36th largest country in the world in terms of area. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast respectively. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

About some facts written on the postcard:

Mohammad Abdus Salam NI, SPk, KBE (PunjabiUrduمحمد عبد السلام; 29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996), was a Pakistani theoretical physicist who, when he shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to electroweak unification, became the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize and also the second Muslim to win the Nobel prize, after Anwar Sadat of Egypt, and the first Muslim to win the prize in science.

Muhammad Ali JinnahGujaratiમુહમ્મદ અલી જિન્નાUrduمحمد علی جناح; born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyerpolitician, and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan's first Governor-General from independence until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam Urduقائد اعظم‎ (Great Leader) and Baba-i-Qaum Urduبابائے قوم‎ (Father of the Nation). His birthday is observed as a national holiday.

Malala Yousafzai S.St (Malālah YūsafzayPashtoملاله یوسفزۍ‎; born 12 July 1997) is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate. She is known mainly for human rights advocacy for education and for women in her native Swat Valley in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of northwest Pakistan, where the local Taliban had at times banned girls from attending school. Yousafzai's advocacy has since grown into an international movement.

Jahangir KhanHI, (born 10 December 1963, in Karachi, Pakistan) (sometimes spelled "Jehangir Khan") is a former World No. 1 professional squash player from Pakistan, who is considered to be the greatest player in the history of squash. Jahangir Khan is originally from Neway Kelay Payan, Peshawar. During his career he won the World Open six times and the British Open a record ten times. From 1981 to 1986, he was unbeaten in competitive play. During that time he won 555 matches consecutively, the longest winning streak by any athlete in top-level professional sports as recorded by Guinness World Records. He retired as a player in 1993, and has served as President of the World Squash Federation from 2002 to 2008, when he became Emeritus President.

The Khewra Salt Mine (or Mayo Salt Mine) is located in Khewra, north of Pind Dadan Khan, an administrative subdivision ofJhelum DistrictPunjab RegionPakistan, which rises from the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is Pakistan's largest and oldest salt mine and the world's second largest. It is a major tourist attraction, drawing up to 250,000 visitors a year. Its history dates back to its discovery by Alexander's troops in 320 BC, but it started trading in the Mughal era. The main tunnel at ground level was developed by Dr. H. Warth, a mining engineer, in 1872 during British rule. After independence, the Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation took over the mine, which still remains the largest source of salt in the country, producing more than 350,000 tons per annum of about 99% pure halite. Estimates of the reserves of salt in the mine vary from 82 million tons to 600 million tons.

The markhor (Capra falconeriPashtoمرغومی‎ marǧūmiPersian/Urduمارخور) is a large species of wild goat that is found in north-eastern Afghanistan, northern PakistanKashmir, southern Tajikistan and southern Uzbekistan. It is also known as Shakhawat.

The species was classed by the IUCN as Endangered until 2015 when it was down listed to Near Threatened, as their numbers have increased in recent years by an estimated 20% for last decade. The markhor is the national animal of Pakistan.

Thank you, Muhammed Irfan !

Sent on: September 18, 2015
Received on: October 7, 2015

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