20 January 2016

#1024 Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan (KazakhҚазақстан, Qazaqstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country in Central Asia, with a minor part west of the Ural River and thus in Europe. Kazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country by land area and the ninth largest country in the world. Its territory of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi) is larger than all of Western Europe. In 2006, Kazakhstan had become the dominant nation of Central Asia economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil/gas industry. The country has vast mineral resources.

About some facts written on the postcard:

Al-Farabi (Persianابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی‎‎ Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī) , known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 872 in Fārāb – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951 in Damascus), was a renowned philosopher and jurist who wrote in the fields of political philosophymetaphysicsethics and logic. He was also a scientistcosmologistmathematician and music scholar.

Gennady Gennadyevich Golovkin (KazakhГеннадий Геннадьевич Головкин; born 8 April 1982) is a Kazakhstani professional boxer and the current, unified WBA (Super)IBFinterim WBC, and IBO middleweight champion. BoxRec currently ranks him as the world's number one middleweight, and number two pound for pound. The Ring magazine ranks him as the third best boxer in the world and named him Fighter of the Year in 2013.

Marat Bisengaliev (born 1962, Kazakhstan) is a Kazakh violinist and conductor of both the West Kazakhstan Philharmonic Orchestra and TuranAlem Kazakhstan Philharmonic Orchestra. In addition, he is head of the Uralsk International Violin Competition and currently working as the Music Director of the Symphony Orchestra of India.

Khan Tengri or Hantengri Peak (KazakhХан ТәңіріUyghurخانتەڭرى‎, Chinese汗腾格里峰pinyinHànténggélǐ Fēng) is a mountain of the Tian Shan mountain range. It is located on the China Kyrgyzstan - Kazakhstan border, east of lake Issyk Kul. Its geologic elevation is 6,995 m (22,949 ft), but its glacial cap rises to 7,010 m (22,999 ft). For this reason, in mountaineering circles, including for the Soviet Snow Leopard award criteria, it is considered a 7,000-metre peak. The name "Khan Tengri" literally means "King Heaven" in Kazakh and possibly references the deity Tengri. In some other local languages, it is known as Khan Tangiri ShyngyKan-Too ChokusuPik Khan-Tengry, and Hantengri Feng.

Baikonur Cosmodrome (RussianКосмодро́м «Байкону́р» Kosmodrom BaykonurKazakhБайқоңыр ғарыш айлағы Bayqoñır ğarış aylağı) is the world's first and largest operational space launch facility. It is located in the desert steppe of Kazakhstan, about 200 kilometres (124 mi) east of the Aral Sea, north of the Syr Darya river, near Tyuratam railway station, at 90 metres (300 ft) above sea level. It is leased by the Kazakh Government to Russia (until 2050) and is managed jointly by the Roscosmos State Corporation and the Russian Aerospace Forces. The shape of the area leased is an ellipse, measuring 90 kilometres (56 mi) east–west by 85 kilometres (53 mi) north–south, with the cosmodrome at the centre. It was originally built by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s as the base of operations for its space program. Under the current Russian space program, Baikonur remains a busy spaceport, with numerous commercial, military and scientific missions being launched annually. All manned Russian spaceflights are launched from Baikonur.

Both Vostok 1, the first manned spacecraft in human history, and before it, Sputnik 1, the world's first orbital spaceflight of any sort, were launched from one of Baikonur's launch pads, which is now known as Gagarin's Start, named after Yuri Gagarin.

Lake Balkhash (KazakhБалқаш КөліBalqaş köliRussianОзеро БалхашOzero Balkhash) is one of the largest lakes in Asia and 13th largest continental lake in the world. It is located in southeastern Kazakhstan, in Central Asia, and belongs to an endorheic (closed) basin shared by Kazakhstan and China, with a small part in Kyrgyzstan. The basin drains into the lake via seven rivers. The major one is the Ili River, which brings the majority of the riparian inflow; others, such as the Karatal, provide both surface and subsurface flow. The Ili is fed from precipitation (largely vernal snowmelt) from the mountains of China's Xinjiang region.

Thank you, Amira !

Sent on: January 15, 2016
Received on: January 20, 2016

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