17 February 2017

#1222 Morocco

Morocco (Arabicالمغرب‎‎ al-Maghrib, lit. "The West"; Berberⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ Lmaɣrib), officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco (Arabicالمملكة المغربية‎‎ al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah, lit. "The Western Kingdom"; Berberⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ Tageldit n Lmaɣrib), is a sovereign country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert, and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.

About some facts written on the postcard:

Abd el-Krim (1882–83, Ajdir – February 6, 1963, Cairo) was a Riffian political and military leader. He and his brother Mhemmed led a large-scale revolt by a coalition of Berber-speaking Rif tribes against French and Spanish colonization of the Rif, an area of northern Morocco. The rebels established the short-lived Republic of the Rif. Abd el-Krim's guerrilla tactics influenced Ho Chi MinhMao Zedong, and Che Guevara.

Fatima Muhammad Al-Fihri Al-Quraysh (Arabicفاطمة الفهرية‎‎) founded the Qarawiyyin (French: al-Karaouine) mosque and madrasa in FesMorocco in 859 CE.

The madrasa she founded is still in operation today as the University of Qarawiyyin, the world's oldest university. The mosque is also still in operation, and is one of the largest in North Africa.

Nawal El Moutawakel (Amazigh: Nawal Lmutawakkil ; Arabicنوال المتوكل‎‎) (born on April 15, 1962 in Casablanca) is a former Moroccan hurdler, who won the inaugural women's 400 metres hurdles event at the 1984 Summer Olympics, thereby becoming the first female Muslim born on the continent of Africa to become an Olympic champion. She was also the first Moroccan and the first woman from a Muslim majority country to win an Olympic gold medal. In 2007, El Moutawakel was named the Minister of Sports in the upcoming cabinet of Morocco.

Mohammed Khair-Eddine (Arabicمحمد خيرالدين‎‎) was among the most famous Moroccan Berber literary figures of the 20th century.

Born in 1941 in the south Moroccan Berber town of Tafraout,as a young writer he joined the circle of writers known as the Amitiés littéraires et artistiques in Casablanca. In 1964 Khair-Eddir founded the "Poésie Toute" movement. In 1965 he was exiled to France where he spent years working in factories. In 1967 he started publishing again, writing for "Lettres nouvelles" and "Présence africaine". Mohammed Khair-Eddine returned to Morocco in 1979. Khair-Eddine died in Rabat November 18, 1995, the Independence Day of Morocco.

The University of al-Qarawiyyin, also written Al Quaraouiyine or Al-Karaouine (Arabicجامعة القرويين‎‎; Berberⵜⵉⵎⵣⴳⵉⴷⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵇⴰⵕⴰⵡⵉⵢⵢⵉⵏFrenchUniversité Al Quaraouiyine), is a university located in FezMorocco. It is the oldest existing, continually operating and the first degree awarding educational institution in the world according to UNESCO and Guinness World Records and is sometimes referred to as the oldest university. The Al Quaraouiyine mosque-religious school / college was founded by Fatima al-Fihri in 859 with an associated school, or madrasa, which subsequently became one of the leading spiritual and educational centers of the historic Muslim world. It was incorporated into Morocco's modern state university system in 1963.

Casablanca (Arabicالدار البيضاء‎‎, ad-Dār al-Bayḍā’BerberⴰⵏⴼⴰAnfa; local informal name: Kaẓa) is the largest city in Morocco, located in the central-western part of the country bordering the Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest city in the Maghreb, as well as one of the largest and most important cities in Africa, both economically and demographically.

Casablanca is Morocco's chief port and one of the largest financial centers on the continent. The 2012 census (adjusted with recent numbers) recorded a population of about 4 million in the prefecture of Casablanca. Casablanca is considered the economic and business center of Morocco, although the national political capital is Rabat.

Toubkal or Tubkal (Berber: ⵜⵓⴱⴽⴰⵍ, Tubkal, or ⵜⵓⴱⵇⴰⵍ, TubqalArabicتوبقال‎‎) is a mountain peak in southwestern Morocco, located in the Toubkal National Park. At 4,167 metres (13,671 ft), it is the highest peak in the Atlas Mountains and in North Africa. It is an ultra prominent peak located 63 km south of the city of Marrakesh, and is a popular destination for climbers.

Thank you !

Sent on: February 6, 2017
Received on: February 17, 2017

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