05 April 2017

#1255 Armenia

Armenia (ArmenianՀայաստանtr. Hayastan), officially the Republic of Armenia (ArmenianՀայաստանի Հանրապետությունtr. Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun), is a sovereign state in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in West Asia on the "Armenian Highlands", it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south. The Republic of Armenia constitutes only one-tenth of historical Armenia.

About some facts written on the postcard:

Mesrop Mashtots (ArmenianՄեսրոպ ՄաշտոցLatinMesrobes Mastosius; 362 – February 17, 440 AD), also known as Mesrob the Vartabed, was an early medieval Armenian linguisttheologian, statesman and hymnologist. He is best known for having invented the Armenian alphabet c. 405 AD, which was a fundamental step in strengthening Armenian national identity. He was also the creator of the Caucasian Albanian and Georgian alphabets, according to a number of scholars and contemporaneous Armenian sources.

Aram Il'yich Khachaturian (RussianАра́м Ильи́ч Хачатуря́нArmenianԱրամ ԽաչատրյանAram Xačatryan; 6 June [O.S. 24 May] 1903 – 1 May 1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor. He is considered one of the leading Soviet composers.

Yura Movsisyan (ArmenianՅուրա Սարգիսի Մովսիսյան, born 2 August 1987) is an Armenian footballer who currently plays forward for Real Salt Lake in Major League Soccer. He represents Armenia internationally. He has played 35 international games with Armenia scoring 10 goals.

Hovhannes Tumanyan (ArmenianՀովհաննես Թումանյանclassical spelling: Յովհաննէս Թումանեան) (February 19 [O.S. February 7] 1869 – March 23, 1923) was an Armenian poet, writer, translator, literary and public activist. He is considered the national poet of Armenia.

Yerevan (ArmenianԵրևանclassical spelling: Երեւան) is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities. Situated along the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the country. It has been the capital since 1918, the thirteenth in the history of Armenia, and the seventh located in or around the Ararat plain.

Mount Ararat (TurkishAğrı Dağı; traditional ArmenianՄասիսMasis) is a snow-capped and dormant compound volcano in the eastern extremity of Turkey. It consists of two major volcanic cones: Greater Ararat, the highest peak in Turkey and the Armenian plateau with an elevation of 5,137 m (16,854 ft); and Little Ararat, with an elevation of 3,896 m (12,782 ft). The Ararat massif is about 40 km (25 mi) in diameter.

Scholars agree the biblical "mountains of Ararat" do not refer to specifically Mt. Ararat. Nevertheless, it has been perceived as the traditional resting place of Noah's Ark since the 11th century. It is the principal national symbol of Armenia and has been considered a sacred mountain by Armenians. It is featured prominently in Armenian literature and art and is an icon for Armenian irredentism. Along with Noah's Ark, it is depicted on the coat of arms of Armenia.

Lavash (ArmenianլավաշAzerbaijani and TurkishlavaşKurdishnanê loş‎; Persianلواش‎‎; Georgianლავაში), sometimes referred to as Armenian lavash, is a soft, thin unleavened flatbread made in a tandoor (called tonir in Armenian) and eaten all over the CaucasusWestern Asia and the areas surrounding the Caspian Sea. Lavash is one of the most widespread type of bread in ArmeniaAzerbaijanTurkey and Iran.

Thank you, Karina !

Sent on: March 25, 2017
Received on: April 3, 2017

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