05 May 2013

#242 Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Samarkand (UzbekSamarqand Самарқанд; Persianسمرقند‎; RussianСамаркандfrom Sogdian: "Stone Fort" or "Rock Town") is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. The city is most noted for its central position on the Silk Road between China and the West, and for being an Islamic centre for scholarly study. In the 14th century it became the capital of the empire of Timur (Tamerlane) and is the site of his mausoleum (the Gur-e Amir). The Bibi-Khanym Mosque (a modern replica) remains one of the city's most notable landmarks. The Registan was the ancient center of the city.

Shakhi Zinda Necropolis is an architectural spectacular in the southeastern part of the Afrosiab site of Samarkand, having 11 mausoleums, built from the 14th and 15th centuries.

It's in the list of UNESCO as a part of Samarkand - Crossroad of Cultures.
Date of Inscription on the List of UNESCO: 2001

Tashkent (UzbekToshkent, Тошкент [tɒʃˈkent]Russian:Ташкент[tɐʂˈkʲent]; literally "Stone City") is the capital of Uzbekistan and of the Tashkent Province.

Construction of a mosque done in the shortest time (four months) in 2007 on the initiative of President Islam Karimov. The mosque itself is a unique symbol of Tashkent architectural style: at the entrance to the mosque there is a terrace with twenty-carved columns of sandalwood. The mosque also has two large blue domes, the interior of which is decorated with gold leaf as in madrassah Tillakari in Samarkand.
Window openings of domes are designed so that the sun’s rays continuously penetrate inside the mosque from sunrise to sunset. At the entrance to the mosque there are erected two minarets of 53 meters in height.

The Madrasah of Mukhammad Amin-khan is one of the main sights, located in the historical district Itchan-Kala. It is the largest madrasah not only in Khiva but in the Central Asia. The two-storied building occupies the area of 72 to 60 meters and has 125 khudjras (cells), intended for 260 students. The unique of this madrasah is that each khudjra consisted of two rooms and khudjras on second floor consisted of room and loggia, looking out the facade.

The Madrasah was built in 1851-1854 by the order of Khiva ruler Muhammad Amin-khan and was named after him. The building of the Madrasah of Mukhammad Amin-khan has five domes and flank towers. The facade is decorated with rich ornament of glazed brick, wooden doors abound in ornamental carving, majolica face impresses with herbal patterns. Above the entrance there is the inscription in Arabic: “This wonderful building will stay here forever to descendants’ joy”.

On the Stamp: Itchan Kala.

Thank you, Igor !

Sent on: March 12, 2013
Received on: May 4, 2013

1 comment:

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