29 February 2016

#1035 Bosnia and Herzegovina

For more info about Bosnia and Herzegovina, see received card #570.

About some facts written on the card:

Aleksandar Hemon (born September 9, 1964) is a Bosnian-born American fiction writer, essayist, and critic. He is the winner of a MacArthur Foundation grant. He has written several books: The Making of Zombie Wars (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2015); Behind the Glass Wall (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2015); The Book of My Lives (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013); Love and Obstacles: Stories (New York: Riverhead Books, 2009); The Lazarus Project: A Novel (New York: Riverhead Books, 2008), which was a finalist for the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle Awards, and was named as a New York Times Notable Book and New York magazine's No. 1 Book of the Year; Nowhere Man (New York: Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2002), also a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award; and The Question of Bruno: Stories (New York: Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2000). He frequently publishes in The New Yorker, and has also written for EsquireThe Paris Review, the Op-Ed page of the New York Times, and the Sarajevo magazine BH Dani.

Danis Tanović (born 20 February 1969) is a Bosnian film director, producer and screenwriter. Tanović is best known for having directed and written the script for the 2001 Bosnian movie No Man's Land which won him the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. He is widely considered one of the best contemporary Bosnian filmmakers of his generation and has garnered critical acclaim for many of his movies. In 2008, Tanović established Naša Stranka, a grassroots political party based in Sarajevo.

Goran Bregović (Serbian CyrillicГоран Бреговић, born 22 March 1950) is a Yugoslav musician and one of the most internationally known modern musicians and composers of the Balkans. He left Bosnia and Herzegovina before the Bosnian War. Recently, he announced his official return to Sarajevo and set up a Roma education foundation.

Bregović has composed for such varied artists as Iggy Pop and Cesária Évora. He rose to fame playing guitar with his rock band Bijelo Dugme. Among his better known scores are three of Emir Kusturica's films (Time of the GypsiesArizona Dream, and Underground).

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha (Ottoman Turkishسوکلو محمد پاشا‎; Serbo-CroatianMehmed-paša SokolovićCyrillicМехмед-паша Соколовић; 1506 – 11 October 1579) was an Ottoman statesman. Born in Ottoman Bosnia into a Serbian Orthodox family, Mehmed was taken away at an early age as part of the Ottoman devşirme system of collection of Christian boys to be raised to serve as a janissary. These boys were forcefully converted into Islam, raised and educated, but in turn were offered great opportunities to excel and to rise within the Ottoman imperial system; Sokollu Mehmed Pasha is one of many that made the best of their careers (reaching Grand Vizier rank).

He rose through the ranks of the Ottoman imperial system, eventually holding positions as commander of the imperial guard (1543–1546), High Admiral of the Fleet (1546–1551), Governor-General of Rumelia (1551–1555), Third Vizier (1555–1561), Second Vizier (1561–1565), and as Grand Vizier (1565–1579, for a total of 14 years, three months, 17 days) under three sultans: Suleiman the MagnificentSelim II and Murad III. He was assassinated in 1579, ending his near 15-year rule as de facto ruler of the Ottoman Empire.

Stari Most (English: Old Bridge) is a reconstruction of a 16th-century Ottoman bridge in the city of Mostar in Bosnia and Herzegovina that crosses the river Neretva and connects two parts of the city. The Old Bridge stood for 427 years, until it was destroyed on 9 November 1993 by Croat forces during the Croat–Bosniak War. Subsequently, a project was set in motion to reconstruct it, and the rebuilt bridge opened on 23 July 2004.

One of the country's most recognizable landmarks, it is also considered one of the most exemplary pieces of Islamic architecture in the Balkans and was designed by Mimar Hayruddin, a student and apprentice of the famous architect Mimar Sinan.

Sevdalinka (also known as Sevdah music) is a traditional genre of folk music from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sevdalinka is an integral part of the Bosniak culture, but is also spread across the ex-Yugoslavia region, including CroatiaMacedoniaMontenegro and Serbia. The actual composers of many Sevdalinka songs are largely unknown because these are traditional folk songs.

Thank you, Merisa !

Sent on: February 16, 2016
Received on: February 29, 2016

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